Smoking has More Harmful Effects than Good as we Think


Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the fumes of burning plant materials. Some of the smoked materials includes; tobacco, marijuana, hashish etc.

Smoking can lead to a variety of ongoing complications in the body, as well as long-term effects on your body systems. While smoking can increase your risk of a variety of problems over several years, some of the bodily effects are immediate

There’s no safe way to smoke and according to the American Lung Association, Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients, many of which can also be found in cigars and hookahs. When these ingredients burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals. Hundreds of them are poisonous, toxic and about 70 can cause cancer.

Secondhand Smoking

Secondhand smoke also referred to as environmental tobacco smoke is the combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke breathed out by smokers. Figures have it that secondhand Smoke contains about 4,000 chemicals. Many of these chemicals are dangerous; more than 50 are known to cause cancer. When it comes to secondhand smoke, no safe level of exposure exists. 

Secondhand smoke has adverse effects on every age group of human population, with children having a higher risk of serious health problems or complications. 

Effects of Smoking

Chiefly, smoking affects the respiratory and circulatory systems, but the reproductive system, the skin, and the eyes are later affected. It also increases the risk of many different cancers. Below are the harmful effects of smoking;

Damage to the lungs: Nicotine induces formation of oxygen radicals which damages the airways and air sacs — known as alveoli — in the lungs. At the same time nicotine reduces the antioxidant capacity of the lungs. People who smoke are at higher risk for chronic nonreversible lung conditions such as:

  • Lung cancer
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema

Heart Diseases: Chemicals in cigarettes can increase the buildup of plaque in the blood vessels, which leads to atherosclerosis. Smoking increases blood pressure within blood vessels, weakens blood vessel walls, and increases blood clots. Together, this raises your risk of;

  • stroke
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Heart attacks
  • Chest pains.

Fertility Problems: Smoking causes fertility problem for both male and females. In males, the longer a person smokes the higher the risk of Erectile dysfunction, the lower the quality and DNA damage in sperm.

For females, smoking damage the female’s reproductive system and make it more difficult to get pregnant. It also increases the risk of child malformations and complications at birth. 

Weakened Immunity: Smoking weakens a person’s immune system, making them more susceptible to illness. It can also cause additional inflammation in the body.

Blindness: Smoking increases your risk of age-related macular degeneration, the main cause of blindness in Adults about 65 years.

Type-2-Diabetes: Smoking causes type 2 diabetes, with the risk of developing diabetes 30 to 40% higher for active smokers than non-smokers. Smoking may also worsen some of the health conditions related to type 1 diabetes, such as kidney disease.

Causes Cancer: In addition to causing lung cancer, smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere on the body. This includes the lips, tongue, mouth, nose, oesophagus, throat, voice box, stomach, liver, kidney, pancreas, bladder, blood, cervix, vulva, penis and anus.

Affects the Integumentary System (skin, hair, and nails): The easiest effect of smoking that can be seen is changes on the skin. Substances in tobacco smoke actually change the structure of your skin. A recent study has shown that smoking dramatically increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (skin cancer).

Your finger nails and toe nails aren’t immune from the effects of smoking. Smoking increases the likelihood of fungal nail infections.

Hair is also affected by nicotine. An older study found it increases hair loss, balding, and graying.

Oral Problems: Smoking affects your oral health. People who smoke are at a higher risk of developing mouth cancer (oral), gum problems, losing teeth, decay on the roots of teeth, and complications after tooth removal and gum and oral surgery.

Periodontitis-a gum infection that destroys the bone that supports the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults

In conclusion, the best way to avoid getting the harmful effects of smoking is to never start. If you do smoke, quitting as soon as possible can prevent or reverse health problems.

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